Costa Rica, officially called the Republic of Costa Rica, is a sovereign nation, organized as a unitary presidential republic, is located in Central America, has a territory with a total area of 51 100 km². It borders Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Panama to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the west. As for the maritime limits, it borders Panama, Nicaragua, Colombia and Ecuador (through Isla del Coco). It is one of the strongest democracies on the planet. It won worldwide recognition for abolishment of its army on December 1, 1948, an abolition that was perpetuated in the Political Constitution of 1949.
In 2007, the Costa Rican government announced plans to become the first carbon neutral country in the world by 2021, when it will celebrate its bicentennial as an independent nation. It is also considered the happiest, greenest, greenest and most sustainable state on the planet, according to the 2016 Happy Planet Index, published by the British think tank New Economics Foundation, which has cataloged the country for 7 consecutive years.