La utilización humana de la biosfera para que rinda el máximo beneficio sostenible, a la vez que mantiene el potencial necesario para las aspiraciones de futuras generaciones.

Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza y Recursos Naturales, (UICN)


In nature we can find all kinds of animal and plant life, which ranges from the most basic to the most complex, which have taken many from tens of thousands to millions of years of evolution. Nature has been the main factor of human enrichment in recent centuries, activities necessary for survival such as agriculture, fishing and hunting, have changed to production systems and intensive use, technological advances and population growth has led to an excessive increase in pollution and the depredation of natural resources.


When we talk about conservation, it is necessary to understand that conserving the environment, biodiversity and ecosystems is aimed at guaranteeing the survival of human beings.

The idea of ​​conservation is old, but this term began to be used recently. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) defines conservation as: “The human use of the biosphere to yield the maximum sustainable benefit, while maintaining the potential necessary for the aspirations of future generations” .

The main objective of the conservation action is to maintain the essential biological and ecological processes, preserving the genetic diversity, as well as the sustainable use of species and the ecosystem in general.

Within conservation activities, protection and restoration of endangered species are included; the careful use and recycling of scarce resources and minerals; rational use of energy, sustainable land use, among others.

Within the conservation activities, include:

  • the protection and restoration of endangered species;

  • the careful use and recycling of scarce resources and minerals;

  • sustainable land use,

  • sustainable land use,

  • among others.

From NE&C, we have conservation as our main objective, and we consider it of great importance to take it into account in all aspects of daily life, as the United Nations Organization asserts

“By stopping the loss of biodiversity we are investing in people, their lives and their well-being.”

Sonia Castañeda [1], Director of the Foundation Biodiversity of Spain, says that “we are surrounded by biodiversity in our day to day. It is in our house, in our fridge, in our medicine cabinet, in our clothes, etc. To speak of biodiversity is to talk about genes, about species, about ecosystems. That is why it is necessary for there to be life on the planet. Without ecology there is no economy: 40% of the world economy depends on having healthy ecosystems. And it is also social welfare, since it depends on us having medicines, food, textiles, etc. ”

That is why, we can say that, conserving biodiversity is as important as being able to breathe, therefore, for the preservation of the same human species it is a necessity to be aware of the importance that this concept and all that it implies.

Written by:

Msc. Katya Barrantes
Head of Global Sustainability and Biology

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